Arthur Hill-Trevor


Arthur Hill-Trevor,1st Viscount Dungannon, born into privilege around 1694, left an enduring mark on Irish politics and society during the 18th century. The second son of Michael Hill of Hillsborough, Arthur’s lineage connected him to distinguished roots, including his maternal grandfather, the eminent Sir John Trevor. In 1759, Arthur adopted the surname Hill-Trevor, marking a pivotal moment in his life. In the 1700s he, through marriage he was a large landowner in Crumlin.

His political journey began in the Irish House of Commons, representing Hillsborough from November 1715 and later County Down from 1727. In recognition of his service, Arthur was elevated to the Irish House of Lords, becoming Viscount Dungannon and Baron Hill of Olderfleet in 1766. Throughout his political career, Arthur displayed a commitment to public service, evident in his appointment as High Sheriff of Down in 1736 and his inclusion in the Privy Council of Ireland in 1750.

Beyond the realm of politics, Arthur Hill-Trevor was a family man. His first marriage to Barbara Deane was brief, ending in her untimely death. In 1737, he married Anne Stafford of Brownstown, County Meath, and together they had three children.

His connection to Crumlin, Dublin, became significant through his first marriage to Barbara Deane, whose family held roots in Crumlin. The Deanes were notable figures in the region, particularly Joseph Deane, Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer. This matrimonial tie to Crumlin would later influence Arthur’s life and legacy.

His children, each contributing to their own legacy, included Hon. Arthur Hill Trevor, Hon. Anne Hill-Trevor, and Hon. Prudence Penelope Hill-Trevor. Notably, Hon. Anne Hill-Trevor’s union with Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington, would make Arthur a maternal grandfather to the renowned 1st Duke of Wellington.

Arthur Hill-Trevor’s impact extended beyond family, reaching into the fabric of the communities he served. A proactive parliamentarian, Arthur sponsored legislation reflecting a commitment to societal improvement, including measures for road development and urban infrastructure enhancement.

His involvement in economic affairs was evident through his partnership in the private bank of Gardiner & Hill, and his support for the establishment of the Bank of Ireland in 1721. A founding member of the Dublin Society in 1731, Arthur embraced a multifaceted role, participating in various public bodies, directing Tyrone collieries, and contributing to local governance.

Elevated to national offices such as chancellor of the exchequer, Arthur Hill-Trevor’s dedication to the court party in the house of commons earned him recognition and influence. His legacy lived on in the extensive Belvoir estate and Trevor lands he cultivated, emphasizing his role as a responsible landowner.

Arthur Hill-Trevor passed away on January 30, 1771, leaving behind a legacy of political acumen, economic foresight, and social responsibility. His life’s work paved the way for subsequent generations, with his grandson, Arthur Hill-Trevor, 2nd Viscount Dungannon, continuing the family’s storied history. In remembrance of this statesman and steward, the echoes of Arthur Hill-Trevor’s contributions continue to resonate through the pages of Irish history.

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Connection with area: 1st Viscount Dungannon, politician and landowner who married Anne, the daughter of Joseph Deane of Crumlin, Co. Dublin,